World’s Smartest Kids

November 24, 2016 no comments Posted in Internet

Childhood and youth is supposed to be a time where you’re not supposed to be that smart and there’s room to do stupid stuff. But the kids in this video didn’t have that time because they were hitting the books and joining Mensa, the oldest and largest IQ society in the world. Here are some of the smartest kids in the world.

 

 

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Elise Tan Roberts
Born in December 2006, Elise Tan Roberts hails from Great Britain. When she was an infant, she showed great intelligence after having exceeded her motor skills and working beyond her appropriate age group. At the young age of two years and four months, she was tested and her IQ was 156, just four points lower than Einstein’s. Elise was the youngest child ever be inducted into Mensa.

 

 

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Sherwyn Sarabi
Sherwyn Sarabi is so smart that he started school two years early. When he blew away the academic content, he was tested by psychologists, and he tested off the scale got the highest possible score of 160, which is believed to be the same for the Einstein would have had. He joined Mensa at the age of three and four years old, his mental age tested out be eight years old and nine months. Before most kids could read, he had over 190 books under his belt by the age of 5.

 

 

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Alexis Martin
In February of 2014, at the age of three years old, Alexis Martin joined Mensa with an IQ score that exceeded 160 according to her father which is higher than 99.9% of other three year olds. She started reading at the age of two and was reading a fifth-grade level by the time she was three. Alexis even taught herself Spanish with her iPad.

Akrit Jaswal
By the time he was 10 months old, Akrit Jaswal was already walking and talking. By the time he was 2, he was reading and writing, and quoting Shakespeare. By the time he was five. Akrit  has the highest IQ in the country of India with a score of 146, beating out nearly 1billion people. He was performing surgery on people in his village by the time he was seven years old, gaining nationwide attention over his medical knowledge and skills. At the age of 12, he started studying science & Chandigarh College and he’s the youngest student ever accepted by Indian University.

Saffron Pledger
Even though she was just three years old, Saffron Pledger was already adding, subtracting, reading and writing. Not to mention that she could already count up to 50 despite not going to school. After being tested, she scored an IQ of 140, which was 40 points higher than the national average. Unsurprisingly, she became a member of Mensa, thus becoming one of the youngest to join after Elise Tan Robertd.

Jacob Barnett
When Jacob Barnett was a young child, He was diagnosed with autism, and his mother was told that he wouldn’t ever learn these ABCs and do not even bother with alternative education methods. Luckily, Jacob’s mother didn’t listen and it turned out that she had a child prodigy on her hands, as Jason was accepted into college at the age of 11. Jacob started to work on his master’s degree in physics at 15 at the perimeter institute of theoretical physics. At the age of 18, he started working on his doctorate program at the Perimeter Institute. Needless to say, the doctors who work with Jacob when he was young were clearly quite wrong.

Heidi Hankins
In 2012, four-year-old Heidi Hankins was accepted into Mensa due to her IQ score of 159. Her parents first started to pickup on her smarts when she displayed a love for reading. Her father explained that he bought her the oxford reading free books when she was just two years old and she read through the series in about an hour, which is usually something that’s accomplished by a child of seven years old. Not only is she smart but at the age of five, she started wowing the world with her amazing watercolor art.

Shrinidhi Prakash
At the age of 11, Shrinidhi Prakash won the British television show, “Child Genius” where she competed in categories debating, logic, mental arithmetic, spelling, and general knowledge against 21 other finalists. Not only did she win child genius, but she was also the world scrabble champion for the under-12 category. Also, she is a big fan of the BBC’s business editor Robert Peston and even penned a lengthy essay for his review.

Colin Carlson
By the time he was 15 years old, Colin Carlson had already completed two bachelor degrees in 2012 at the University of Connecticut. In 2013, he got his master’s degree. Usually at a time when teenagers are graduating high school, Colin was accepted into the Ph.D program at the University of California Berkeley Studying Ecology. While an undergraduate, he was denied a chance to a field study in South Africa due to his age and filed a complaint against the University.

Dylan Toh
Dylan Toh is making academic waves when he started solving some of the hardest math problems in the world. He started becoming bored in school and got approved from the Singaporean Ministry of Education to accelerate his education so you get access to more challenging material. It was then that Dylan found brilliant.org and got connected with mentors from universities. He is now studying robotics alongside his mathematics.

The Actual Expenses of Having A Car

November 21, 2016 no comments Posted in Internet

There are lots of important decisions to make when buying a car. Do you need a truck for the farm or a small car for the city? How important is gas mileage to you, what color do you want. Once you decide what car you want figuring out. What you can actually afford can seem a bit complicated your monthly car payment might be affordable but you also have to keep in mind other costs you’ll have like insurance payments registration fees and unpredictable expenses such as a sudden hiking gas prices for the need, for a big repair. So before you begin to shop around for a car you might want to take a look at some of these costs.

 

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So you’re not caught off-guard, first let’s figure out your budget. On average people spend about fourteen to sixteen percent of their annual income before taxes on their transportation budget that’s a figure that includes all the expenses of owning a car not just your car payments but your gas insurance maintenance and repairs and everything else as well. So for example let’s use this as a guideline and look at what this might be for an annual income of forty-two thousand dollars to figure out your budget will take sixteen percent of 42,000 that gives you 6720 dollars a year to spend on your car or five hundred sixty dollars a month.

So let’s look at the costs involved in getting a new basic sub compact sedan that has a sticker price of about sixteen thousand four hundred fifty dollars. Now for any car there are plenty of extra things you can get like satellite radio or a sunroof which can drive up the price but we’re going to forgo the bells and whistles and stick to a basic model and when you buy a new car keep in mind that there are often extra fees in addition to what you pay for the car itself you might have fees for things like documentation and destination charges for getting the vehicle from the manufacturer.

 

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Your registration fees may also be included which can save you a trip to the DMV some of the visual encounter like registration are non-negotiable because they are required by your state but some things like documentation fees and the base price of the car may be flexible and open to some negotiating depending on where you buy your car.
So let’s say that after negotiating the price of the car and the fees and adding on your local taxes you’re paying sixteen thousand seven hundred fifty dollars total and in this case you’re going to finance the car entirely that means you’re not going to make any down payment or trade in another car if you get a six year loan at a three-point-five percent interest rate looking at an online calculator your monthly payment will be around two hundred sixty dollars but financing comes at a cost in this case you end up paying about 1845 dollars in interest.

 

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On top of that sixteen thousand seven hundred fifty dollars of principal over the course of your loan so if you have the cash you may consider buying the car outright or if you have a few thousand to spend on a down payment you could lower your monthly payments and save an interest over time but for this example let’s say you don’t and you’ve got a 260 dollar car payment then there’s gas let’s say this car gets 32 miles to the gallon and on average you drive about 1,250 miles per month 12 50 miles / 32 miles per gallon gives us about 39 gallons of gas each month if gas is around four dollars per gallon 39 times
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We’re looking at about one-hundred fifty-six dollars a month on gas there’s also your car insurance insurance prices are based on a number of factors including where you live, your driving record, the type of car you’re driving even your job if you’re figuring this out for yourself you might want to look at an insurance estimator as rates can vary dramatically let’s say you use an insurance calculator put in your info and see that you’ll get a rate of about one hundred dollars a month so adding our monthly car payment of 260 and an estimated gas expense of 156 plus the 104 insurance we already have a total of about five hundred sixteen dollars per month.

Now let’s look at some more periodic expenses you might have like regular maintenance generally speaking every 7,500 miles or so it’s recommended that you rotate your tires and change your oil if you’re driving 1,250 miles per month that’s about 15,000 miles per year divide that by 7,500 miles and it looks like you might need to do this about twice a year and let’s say it cost you about eighty dollars or so each time for a total of one hundred sixty dollars per year although some new cars come with a service agreement that cover some of these basic maintenance costs for the first few years. Now going to shop for regular maintenance can be a hassle and you may wonder is it worth it well skipping tire maintenance and oil changes can cost you in the long run a set of tires might last longer if cared for properly and a new set might cost you around six hundred dollars not changing the oil will eventually wear out your engine which can cost thousands to replace so that one hundred sixty dollars a year maybe worth it over time for the first few years with a new car you probably won’t need to do much more maintenance than this if you do it might be covered by your warranty.

You’ll also have to re-register your car and probably get it inspected from time to time depending on your state this could be once a year or every few years and can cost $45 to three hundred dollars or more. Let’s say your registration and inspection will cost about two hundred dollars every two years or another hundred dollars per year so adding 164 maintenance and another 100 for registration and it’s action you get two hundred sixty dollars per year / 12 months we’ve got well about $22 per month and if we take our previous monthly expenses which were 516 adding 22 we’ve got 538 then looking at our original budget of 560  dollars if we subtract 538 for our monthly expenses that leaves us with $22. So having calculated some of these costs of car ownership we can see that this car could be inside your budget.

 

Now you may be thinking about that extra twenty two dollars a month that’s 264 dollars a year why not accessorize but having a little extra in your budget to cover unexpected costs is a good idea it may come in handy if there’s a sudden hike in the price of gas or the cost of your insurance goes up and once your warranty runs out you have to pay for any repairs you might have like replacing a headlight or an oxygen sensor or maybe even something bigger so it’s a good idea to keep these extra costs in mind when figuring out what you can spend if your car payment alone put a strain on your budget you might find yourself the owner of a car you can’t afford to drive and if a new car is too much for your budget you might consider buying a used car.

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Fast Speed VPN

October 11, 2016 no comments Posted in Internet

Today we’re going to be taking a look at private Internet access VPN now private Internet access is one of our favorite vpns for a number of reasons to us private Internet access just seems like the one-size-fits-all VPN package. They  seem to have all the features we need all the speed we need in all the  security we need  so let’s jump right into the review guys the first thing we’re going to do is  head over to private Internet access com  now firstly we have this VPN running on our system right now. We’re going to head over to the site check out all the features download this VPN and show you guys just how easy it is to get started so one of the things I like about private Internet access is their website. Their website is not just a bunch of snake oil they’re not just trying to sell you a bunch of garbage they actually do give you the features they have if you guys are familiar a lot of VPS will tell you unlimited speed, unlimited this, unlimited that you have this and that well a lot of those features don’t really work and private Internet access is this a cut-and-dry VPN they give it to you real simple they give you a real VPN.

And they give it to you for a great price let’s get on to it guys why should I use PIAA this looks like I said to protect your identity and unblock censorship filters and you can connect to the VPN within seconds and all it is true so let’s head over to the page where everybody’s wondering about and this is the price of the VPN. So this is one thing I really like about private Internet access they seem to have some of the best prices I have ever seen for all the features that they have that running it to in just a minute just check out these prices guys only seven dollars for a month only thirty-five dollars for six months and only forty dollars for an entire year.  That’s extremely cheap guys and these are great prices but I let’s get to why these prices are so great right here are just a couple of their VPN features.

 

 

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So it looks like you guys will have a secure VPN account looks like the VPN is going to encrypt your Wi-Fi it looks like they do support p2p that means torrenting. It looks like the support VoIP so that includes Skype and all the  others it looks like they support pptp, l2tp, ipsec which our encryption methods  that we would recommend but they also support  openvpn which is a plus and this is one of the things.
I personally love  of our private Internet access you can use it on 5 devices simultaneously a lot  of VPN providers today have been limiting the amount of devices you can  use and this is really just becoming a hindrance because when you have a  computer or a router may be an ipad in the phone and you want to keep using the  VPN and all of them and have them connected  it’s really annoying to have to go and turn them off and turn them back on  so having five devices simultaneously connected is absolutely great.

I don’t think they also have multiple VPN gateway is that is very true they have 25 countries right here and they have almost 4,000 servers which is absolutely crazy guys. They do have unlimited bandwidth it does include a socks5 proxy which we really like they have no traffic logs and the setup is instant so we come down here. You guys can see the 25 countries that they support we  have connected through all these gateways and they are perfect and this  is another great thing about private Internet access I know I keep saying  this you know there’s so many great things this is one thing I love but  these are honestly really true. I’ve been using this VPN for some time now and we really enjoy it but another cool thing is you guys can buy private Internet access with your gift cards so you guys have gift cards they never use from the holiday go ahead and buy a private Internet access with them. The second thing that I love about private Internet access is all of the devices they support so a huge thing with VPS. Today is you know doesn’t support my device doesn’t support my router does it support or chrome book this is for android IOS you know the whole everything so that is one thing that private Internet access does support and that is a huge amount of devices.

 

 

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So you can see this for Microsoft Apple Linux mobile device, apple mobile devices and android mobile devices and the great thing is that they have dedicated apps to all these systems will show you guys in just a little bit. But it’s like that here they have a couple more features and all of the IP  that you can connect to  sort of scroll down here to get a nice little stock photo but let’s go up here. Now I hear they have a couple of pages that tell you how a VPN works a page where you can join now and purchase their VPN and they also have a network page. Which I really like where you guys can see what’s going on with their  networks all the hostnames how everything is running so let’s go ahead  and download private Internet access and when you guys signed up for private  Internet access it’s super easy.
All the requires an email and then I’ll go ahead  and email you over your VPN credentials but this is what I wanted to show you  guys they have dedicated apps for all systems so no longer do. You guys have to use any clunky openvpn GUI or anything they have dedicated app so they have Linux, android apps, iOS apps, mac apps in windows apps.  Go ahead and download this windows VPN app looks like it’s going to go ahead and start the download, it is a pretty big file a lot of downloads we just wanted to talk about why we love private Internet access so much now earlier we said that private Internet access seems like the one-size-fits-all VPN for us and it really does they have great speed they have great security and they are extremely cheap that basically falls into all of the categories that we need in the VPN.

And  I’ll show you guys why their security is so great coming up here in a second  and they speeds are just phenomenal I’ve been using private Internet access for a  couple of years now and the speeds are just impeccable across all of their  servers occasionally around peak hours you guys around some of the U.S. servers.  Looks like it wants to install a tap driver for us automatically  let’s go ahead and install that but if you guys are on around peak-hour some of  the USA servers do occasionally gets low but all you guys have to do is do a  quick reconnect.

 

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And your VPN will connect to a new server and you guys  will be blazing fast once again  so we’re going to go ahead and download this installer and it looks like it  went ahead and set up at this is really one private and  access VPN begins to take off is right within their clients.  This is when you guys really get to the meat and the potatoes in the center of private Internet access so let’s get right into it guys so we went ahead and put our username and password and have a couple options. Yes you have it to that private Internet access boots up right when you guys turn  your computer on you guys can also have it so that it auto connects. The region counter they have a ton of places you can choose from but let’s get over here guys that where we can get to some of the settings so the connection type you guys can change UDP or TCP you guys can also add change your port you can also port forward. So you guys are looking to open any specific ports or you know torrent anything you guys all you guys got to do is check that off and then go ahead and put into port.

You guys want now this is what I  absolutely love in the private Internet access VPN settings is the VPN kill switch in DNS leak protection. Now these are two things that I believe make private Internet access unique and this is something that I saw on private inner access VPN first. And this was a VPN kill switch so if you guys go ahead and check this off what this will do is ensure that no package will not be sent through the VPN. So effectively make it that if the VPN disconnects your whole entire internet should shut off and nothing should work to the VPN is strictly connected again this is definitely a great feature. If you guys are looking for optimal security and this can also help to ensure that you guys don’t have any leaking packets that way any package to try to escape the VPN will instantly be killed and they won’t even be able to go outside of the VPN and another great thing that we love is DNS leak protection.

So DNS leaks can be a huge  issue and they can be a huge hassle to fix and this is one thing that I love is this DNS leak protection if you guys just go ahead and check this off and I  should go ahead and send it to a private Internet access dsl. And it will ensure  that your DNS is not leak  I’ve never had my DNS leaked one time while I’ve had this on this is  definitely something I love  I’m ipv6 leak protection is with ipv6 and small packets.
I’m not really sure  what that is  I’ve never really specified but this is another thing I love  so right here we have connection if you guys click encryption here is where is  here to get in-depth. And this is what I’m talking about when they have all the security we need so right here you guys can actually choose what settings want to hear the default settings.

You guys can see pretty secure but they have  a setting for data encryption  you guys can go ahead and choose all the way up to AES 256 Blowfish are not we’re  going to go ahead and that chop it up to the very top data authentication. You guys can do shot one are shot – 56 and with the handshake RSA you guys can  go all the way up to RS a 4096 or you guys can do ECC 25 k 1 and there are  just a ton of options. So if you guys are crypto files you guys can definitely take a look at this but just realized that the more that you guys do amp up the encryption the slower the VPN might get so if you guys use these settings. I’m using it could get a little bit  slow so you guys can just go ahead and use the default settings, it looks like it actually sends it to a little encryption page right here and  this is pretty cool actually looks like it a tells you what they would recommend  for data encryption. So definitely check this out of you guys are wondering what the encryption means or what kind of encryption you guys should be using that’s in the default settings.

 

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Let’s go ahead connect to a couple of servers and give this a speed test, I went ahead and disable the private Internet access on our robber we’re going to go ahead and connected the application. It’s going to go  ahead and just use the auto settings go ahead and hit save down here and we’re  going to open it up in our little tray down right click on it and then we  can connect to any of these down. Let’s just go ahead and you know it’s the U.S. California since its right on top go ahead and open this up it’s going to turn light green. If you have over its going to let you know that’s connecting and it should connect with in just a couple of seconds it should be SuperDuper fast guys. All right so it looks like we’re connected so we’re going to head over to  speedtest.net now going to go ahead and do a couple of tests and see what the  speed is so it looks like we’re appearing from server 198. That a zero as somewhere in LA we’re definitely not located here so let’s goes ahead and does a quick speed test. I was a Los Angeles California server and that is extremely fast download speed and upload speed let’s go ahead and disconnect from this server and go ahead and do a quick connection to another one.

You can do one ahead and disconnected so let’s go ahead and use the Kinect auto feature and see where it shoots up guys so right now it’s going to go ahead and be connecting again but these speeds are very consistent on private Internet access. I’ve been using private Internet access for a couple of years now in the speed have always been amazing and I’m talking about speeds like this and if you guys saw my regular internet connection. You guys can see this is very relevant to it looks like it actually connected is back on and disconnected guys let’s go ahead and connect two outs go ahead and connect somewhere in the UK guys.

We’ll see what type of speeds I’m really talking  about so we’re located over here in the USA guys let’s see looks like I said  we’re connected  let’s see if these speeds that I keep talking about really range true overseas. I’m talking so much about how great the speeds are  hungry this VPN is and all this and that  let’s see if it really lives up to the test guys are here, the UK speeds guys  you can definitely see these are very fast for being overseas.

 

Have a wonderful business online having an effective VPN and great speed that will compete world wide challenge. For your advantage in business online you can check out this link http://bradleywebgroup.com/.

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How To Overcome Memory Loss?

September 29, 2016 no comments Posted in Family

How To Overcome Memory Loss?

Why do you often forget and how can you overcome that memory loss is not due to your age or your gender. It’s due to interference, senior moments they happen to everyone from the very young to the very old. Brain works as a series of networks with different areas communicating with each other at all times. When you’re trying to remember something your brain establishes a new network. Memory malfunctions occur when there is a break in that Network. What causes the break? Interference which impairs your ability to focus.

 

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Interference can be anything from your cell phone ringing background chatter at her restaurant to your mind wondering. When the person is exposed to interference their ability to recall information even over very short periods of time declined significantly. Lack of sleep is the most common cause to little restful sleep can also lead to mood changes and anxiety which in turn can contribute to memory impairment. Many drugs can affect memory which includes tranquilizers, antidepressants, blood pressure drugs and anti-allergic drugs.

 

Low functioning thyroid can affect memory. Drinking too much alcohol can interfere with short-term memory. Stress and anxiety can lead to memory impairment both can interfere with attention and block the formation of new memory or retrieval of old memories. Forgetfulness can be a sign of depression or a consequence of it. If you are vegetarian vitamin b12 deficiency can cause memory impairment what can you do to prevent memory loss try to limit interference. You can’t always shut off the world but you can learn how to focus your attention on the task at hand. Mentally rehearse what you’re doing and hold it in mind until you’re finished with the task.

 

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Train your brain to recall information by practicing. Brains have Plasticity it means the ability to get better at something when challenged test your memory so that it continues to get better. Next time you go to the grocery store don’t make whole list and see how many items you can remember. A friend introduced me to a potential client for my business 10 minutes into our conversation.

I couldn’t remember her name why would I forget something so important your brain was not concentrating on the task at hand remembering her name. Next time you meet someone new really pay attention and then repeat the name to consolidate the information in your brain.

The Difference of Identical Twins From Fraternal Twins

September 28, 2016 no comments Posted in Family

Identical twins form when 1 sperm fertilizes one egg to become 2 babies and fraternal twins form when 2 sperm fertilize 2 eggs to become 2 babies. It looks like we have more time. When a man and a woman meet, and they love each other very much they may decide to have a baby. If they don’t plan on having the baby, but have one, we call that baby a “mistake”. Or the politically correct term “unplanned”. Twins are produced mostly randomly. There is only a 1-2 % chance of birthing twins. Because of this couples typically expect 1 baby, so if you are a twin, 1 of you is always an “unplanned mistake”. For normal birth, the man injects sperm into the female’s uteris to fertilize her egg. After 8-10 months of gestation a baby is born. But with twins, 2 babies burst from the womb. So what’s going on? Let’s look closer at cells. Your cells contain the information that it takes to make you as DNA within chromosomes. You have 23 pairs, or 46, chromosomes. 1 of each pair of chromosome is from your mother, the other from your father. They are different but code for the same things.

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One has your mothers traits, the other your father’s. Each chromosome is made up of 2 chromatids. These chromatids are identical to one another. There is one pair of chromosomes that are not the same and they determine gender. This is the X and the Y. If you have an X and an X you are a female, if you have an X and a you are a male. Most of your cells, like hair, skin, brain, or heart cells, the somatic cells, undergo mitosis to reproduce. In mitosis, each chromosome’s chromatids are separated, one going to each of the new cells. Then they replicate themselves to form a new chromosome. This results in two cells that are identical to the first one. Each with the full 46 chromosomes But the sex cells, your sperm or your eggs, undergo a different process called meiosis. There are 2 important differences. Before the chromosomes split apart they swap some of the genes. This is called crossing over. It creates chromosomes different from the parent chromosome. The other difference is they cell splits twice making 4 cells. Each cell with only 1 chromatid from each of the chromosome pairs. So each of these cells only has 23 chromosomes instead of 46. When they meet the sex cells of another person, the new cell they form has will have 46 chromosomes, 23 from each parent. Then they’ll replicate like in mitosis to form 46 full chromosomes and eventually a new person. What’s the point of this?

 

 

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Let’s say this represents genetic diversity. A lot of organisms don’t reproduce sexually like us. They reproduce through mitosis which creates offspring that’s usually very close genetic copies of the parent. But sexual reproduction produces offspring which are a combination of the parents allowing for a mixture of their genes. This creates more genetic diversity allowing for a greater chance of getting more fit individuals. Ignoring crossing over, there are 70 trillion different combinations of the 2 parents. That’s like a 7…. followed by a trillion zeroes. Crossing over creates even more diversity. The more diversity the greater the chance of having an offspring that will have something to let it do well enough to breed again. While males produce a whole load of sperm. The female produces only produces about 1 egg a month each ovary taking a turn every other month. Sometimes the ovaries each produce an egg at the same time. If both eggs get fertilized then you can get fraternal twins. Because these twins are formed from totally different sperms and totally different eggs, these twins are no different than any other siblings. They are each their own separate genome compiled from their parents and can even be different genders. When the sperm and the egg meet it becomes what is called a zygote. Sometimes a zygote will spontaneously form into 2 zygotes. Since each zygote has the same DNA, they will form 2 people that are genetically identical, identical twins. But, there is something different in females. Every cell in any female’s body really only uses 1 of the X chromosomes, the other is deactivated. This happens pretty early on in development. So any trait that the X chromosome codes for will be different in any given area of cells. Some cells will have the father’s traits, and some the mothers. This can lead to some interesting likes like one identical twin female having colour blindness or hemophilia and the other not. This is most easy to see in calico cats. The colour of their fur is coded by the x chromosome. So whether orange or black remains depends on which parent the trait is coming from. So identical twin calicos will look different. Sometimes after the zygote splits the zygote will conjoin. This is how conjoined or Siamese twins are formed.

SPIDER-MAN CLONE SAGA – What you Have to Know About it

September 28, 2016 one comment Posted in Book, Internet

Now I’ve got a feeling that a lot of you out there are probably groaning at the mention of the words Clone Saga, which you’d be perfectly justified in doing. It’s not uncommon for fans to see it as a collection of everything wrong with Marvel Comics in the 90s, or even just comics in general. And in hindsight, sure it’s clear to see how much of a convoluted mess it was. Thing is noone really had a problem with it in the beginning. In its first six months, the Clone Saga was met with a great response. The stories were interesting and even beautifully sad, shaping up to be one of the best Spider-Man stories ever told. So what happened, what went wrong, and who is responsible for all of it? I wish I could tell you that it was just one thing, but it seems like the Clone Saga fell victim to a perfect storm of terrible decisions, incidents and happenstances that turned an otherwise promising event into an enormous failure. Let’s take a look and see exactly how that happened.

 

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Not in the plot of the story itself, but behind the scenes at Marvel. Believe it or not, the story actually starts way back in 1973, during one of the most famous Spider-Man stories ever told: the Night Gwen Stacy Died. During this time Marvel’s then editor-in-chief Roy Thomas along with writer Jerry Conway and inker John Romita Sr., were trying to think of ways to shake things up in Spider-Man comics. A sentiment we will see repeated later. And so they decided, to kill someone. Some big, important character in Peter Parker’s life that would leave the readers shocked. And they had their perfect target: Aunt May. But Romita was against the idea. He explained, quote: “If you kill Aunt May, “Peter Parker’s secret identity is not a problem anymore “since there’s no one for him to protect “and you’d lose that whole teenage nerd factor. “It didn’t matter how good-looking he was “or how well he was doing if his Aunt “was still telling him to bring his umbrella whenever “he went out into the rain.” Instead, Romita pulled inspiration from an old comic strip called Terry And The Pirates where readers were stunned after seeing the girlfriend of one of the main characters die. And so it was settled. They were gonna kill Gwen. But not without Stan Lee’s permission, of course.

 

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They asked him if it was all right to kill her off, and Stan gave them his blessing. But, once the story hit shelves, fans everywhere were outraged. How could they kill Gwen Stacy? How could Stan let them? See, here’s the thing that you need to know about Stan Lee. He’s not always the best when it comes to telling the truth. So even though Conway and Thomas did get his permission, Stan publicly rejected the idea, claiming that he would never have allowed them to do such a thing if he knew about it. In reality Stan simply hates when fans are mad at him so he deflects the blame in an attempt to promote his own innocence. But Lee felt that the fans were so outspoken that he actually went out of his way to try and fix things.

He went back to Jerry Conway and demanded that he bring Gwen Stacy back into the comics somehow. She didn’t have to stay for long, or become a main character again, but she at least had to come back in some capacity. So Conway unwillingly created the first Clone Saga. You see the one from the 90s was actually the second Clone Saga. The first one back in the 70s helped set it up, and introduced the character of The Jackal. The previously established science professor named Miles Warren who was infatuated with Gwen Stacy, upset over her death and in his grief resolved to clone her. But that wasn’t the only clone Jackal created. Oh no, just to make the story interesting, he also created a clone of Peter Parker. The two team up to take down The Jackal, until a bomb detonates, seemingly killing Jackal and one of the Spider-Men. The apparently dead Spidey is reasoned to be the clone, and the living one is the Pete that we all know and love. But, it was left ambiguous. Unintentionally so actually, as Conway recalls it was never his intention to imply that the surviving Spidey was the clone, and the real Pete is dead. He never believed in a million years that Marvel would tell that story. Yeah, so uh, about that. (embarrassed laugh) Flash forward to the mid-1990s when comics were getting a little darker. Our happy and fun wall-crawler was thrown into the ring with much more intense and traumatic events that we’d never seen before.

He just wasn’t the same and Marvel wanted to shake things up, again. DC Comics was selling record sales with events like Batman Knightfall, and The Death of Superman. Marvel decided that they needed to fire back with their own big event, and no ideas were off the table. Everyone just started shouting things out. Enter Terry Kavanagh who pitched a pretty straightforward idea. What if we bring back the Spider-Man clone from the 70s? The idea was quickly dismissed and everyone moved on, but Kavanagh was adamant, and further explained his pitch in a following writers’ meeting. He wasn’t saying to just bring the clone back for another story, he was saying what if this whole time we had things backwards, the clone that comes back is the real Peter Parker and the Spider-Man we’ve been following since the 70s, that’s the clone.

 

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That idea would actually be pretty brilliant. Marvel could say that the dark and brooding Spider-Man was simply a clone, while the fun and energetic one readers longed for from before was still out there in the Marvel universe. As Kavanagh said, quote: “As the writers grew older “and got married and had kids and got mortgages, “we sort of wrote Spider-Man that way “and wrote him away from our audience. “This was a way to get him back to his essence organically, “without divorcing him, which would “just give him more baggage.” End quote. And that was the plan: Clear up Spider-Man’s history, and bring him back to how he used to be. The writers at the meeting could hardly contain their excitement after they realized all of the possibilities. It was a scary idea to take on sure, but ultimately a thrilling experience for the writers. When editor-in-chief Tom DeFalco came in to shut the project down, he was so overwhelmed by the writers’ enthusiasm that it not only convinced him to do the story, but also to become the new writer of Spectacular Spider-Man. But, as editor Mark Bernardo stated, quote: “Ironically, the whole storyline which was supposed “to simplify Spider-Man’s mythos “and ultimately bring him back to basics “ended up complicating everything beyond “what anyone imagined.” The original concept for the story was pretty straightforward.

Peter’s clone would come back, going by the name Ben Reilly, forged by combining Ben from Uncle Ben, and Reilly which was Aunt May’s maiden name. Over the next six months it would be revealed that Ben Reilly was the real Spider-Man and Peter Parker was the clone. Meanwhile Mary Jane would become pregnant, which would give Peter incentive to retire as Spider-Man after all with great power comes great responsibility and what greater responsibility is there than raising a child and teaching him or her to be a good and decent human being. Peter and MJ would walk off into the sunset with their child, while Ben Reilly regained the mantle of Spider-Man permanently. Clean and simple. No need to complicate things. Well, here is where the first bit of confusion comes in. You remember how Tom DeFalco was against the idea and told everyone to shut it down? When he finally agreed, he had one condition. Quote: “Here’s a secret, when I finally okayed “the clone saga, I told editor Danny Fingeroth “to build a backdoor into it. “I said that I wanted to be able “to bring Peter back as the real deal. “I believe that both comic book creators “and comic book fans are a cowardly and superstitious lot.

“While the fans claim they want change, they tend “to react negatively to it. “So do most creators. “With this in mind, we agreed that Peter “was the real guy, but that we wouldn’t let “the Spider-Team try to convince the readers otherwise. “If the Spider-Creators succeeded, they would love “the idea of the old switcheroo. “If they failed, they’d be so happy “that they had a backdoor. “Either way, the readers were guaranteed a great story “with a lot of unexpected twists.” End quote. So essentially because they were already expecting fan outrage, they had to build in a loophole to basically undo everything. To say that Peter was the clone and Ben Reilly was the real deal, but then to immediately say: nah, just kidding. But even this idea was thrown out after Marvel saw some radical editorial shifts. If you recall from our previous video about the comic book crash in the 90s, comic books crashed in the 90s. Speculators were saying how much Golden Age comic books were being resold for, and started buying loads of current comics hoping to sell them later to make a profit.

 

 

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Problem was, that Golden Age comics were valuable because they were rare. Comics from major publishers in the 90s were printed hundreds of thousands of times. Speculators realized this, and the market fell out hard. Marvel was in serious financial troubles, and it wasn’t helping that there was hardly any cooperation between the sales team and the editorial staff. The people who kept the numbers wanted more control, but the creatives didn’t want to relinquish any. Especially DeFalco, who expressed an attitude of: “If we’re making good books, I don’t care “if they sell poorly. “I’m not gonna let some marketing and sales people “tell us how to make comics.” Hoping to get the company back on track then President-of-Marvel Terry Stewart put into action an initiative that would take power away from the editorial staff, and give more power to the sales and marketing team. This restructuring of the company was called: The Marvelution! Editor-in-chief DeFalco was effectively fired, and in his place were not one, not two, but five new editors-in-chief that would each handle their own corner of the Marvel universe, and report directly to Stewart. The five sectors were Spider-Man, X-Men, Marvel Classic which was mostly Avengers and Fantastic Four, Marvel Edge all the gritty characters, and Marvel Entertainment for all their licensed properties.

In an attempt to unify the company, all Marvelution did was split it further apart. One editor said, quote: “It would have been easier “to have Spider-Man team up with Superman than “to have Spider-Man team up with the X-Men” This big editorial shakeup happened right in the middle of the Clone Saga. This meant that the overall vision of the story was lost, as new editors came in with their own ideas. And with the sales team more integrated with the creative side, they kept demanding for writers to drag out the stories so that they could sell more comics and make more money. Remember, this whole ordeal was only supposed to last six months at the most and come to a conclusion in Amazing Spider-Man 400. But as sales demanded extensions to the story, the plot for this issue was changed. Instead of ending the Clone Saga, ASM 400 featured a wonderfully moving story by J.M. DeMatteis. Wherein Aunt May revealed that she had known Peter was Spider-Man for quite some time.

One moment later, Aunt May’s health finally gave out and she died. It’s a beautiful comic that serves as a reminder that not everything that came out of the Clone Saga was awful. Fun fact, they also got Stan Lee’s permission to kill Aunt May which he gave, only to once again deny it when he saw the fan reaction. So, classic Stan. In addition to story extensions, the sales department also demanded more clones. It’s a classic case of higher ups seeing good sales numbers, and wrongly attributing their success to one simple thing. It’s probably not the gripping story, or the beautiful character development, or the masterfully drawn artwork, it’s clones! We need more clones! All of the clones. And while we’re at it, let’s get more R-rated superhero movies in here, because Deadpool did so well, right? Yeah this is when we got stories like Maximum Clonage, which featured more Spider-Man clones than the world ever needed. This was once again a proposed ending for the Clone Saga, that was supposed to tie up a bunch of loose ends, and establish Ben Reilly as the one and only Spider-Man, but a funny thing happened.

Marvelution had split up all the Marvel properties, which created a sense of competition between them. Bob Harras, the editor-in-chief of the X-men corner of the MU saw how great the Spider-Man Clone Saga was doing initially, and reacted, “Oh my god, the Spider-Man books “are gonna rocket past the X-Men ones. “We have to have our own event right now.” Thus began the long and drawn out Age of Apocalypse storyline throughout all of the X-Men titles. When Maximum Clonage was being written, the sales department really loved how Age of Apocalypse was generating enormous numbers by making their story overly long and spread out, so the Spider-Man editor-in-chief Bob Budiansky essentially told his team to copy that recipe. So in effect, the Clone Saga took inspiration from Age of Apocalypse which took inspiration from the Clone Saga, because apparently the Marvel HQ is housed in an echo chamber. Instead of tying up loose ends and bringing the Clone Saga to a close, Maximum Clonage just complicated things and continued to prolong the resolution.

 

 

A story that was supposed to last a few months had ended up lasting over two years, and the writers still had no idea how they were gonna end it. One idea was that neither Peter Parker or Ben Reilly was a clone. They were both the original Spider-Man, simply stuck in a time loop. Spidey would go back in time, become Ben Reilly, progress forward in time, until he met up with Peter Parker again, who would then go back in time to become Ben Reilly, and the cycle continues. This way all the Spider-Man tales since the beginning still happened to Peter not some clone, and it would also establish Peter as the one and only Spider-Man once again. And the villainous mastermind behind this whole scheme? None other than, Mephisto. Yes, Mephisto. As the solution to a convoluted Spider-Man story. Funny how that works out. Ultimately while the editorial staff was on board for this time loop idea, the writers were adamantly against it. Writer Dan Jurgens who hated Ben Reilly put an ultimatum in place. Peter Parker had to remain the real Spider-Man. This Ben Reilly is the true Spider-Man business had to go. Ben would die heroically of course, Peter would become Spidey again, and let’s just resolve this now and quickly, and if not Jurgens would quit. Even this simple solution was made sloppy with how complicated the story had become.

MJ was still pregnant with Peter’s child. Originally, they were supposed to go settle down, while Ben became Spider-Man again. But with Peter cementing himself as the true webhead, the writers had to, uh well, uh they had to deal, deal with the baby. In their eyes you couldn’t have a superhero with a kid. Obviously we know now that’s a bit of an overreaction. Either way the decision was made that Mary Jane would have a miscarriage. Solutions to the Clone Saga were being thrown around left and right, no one was on the same page, and Budiansky who was supposed to be in charge couldn’t decide on any one direction. Indecisive from crisis to crisis, frustrating everyone who was working on the story. Finally, Budiansky and Jurgens wrote a story that would reveal who was behind this whole Clone Saga nonsense, and end this miserable journey once and for all. They introduced a new villain named Gaunt who would be revealed to be none other than the presumed dead Harry Osborn. He would be the new mastermind behind it all. Plans were laid out, clues were in place, but then wouldn’t you know it, Marvel reorganized the company yet again.

 

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Did away with the five editors-in-chief and named Bob Harras as the one and only EIC over all of Marvel Comics. Remember, Harras was previously in charge of the X-men section, so when he oversaw all of Marvel, he still put X-Men first. Right around the time when the Spider-Man team was about to make their big reveal that Harry was the mastermind behind the whole Clone Saga, and finally bring this mess to an end, Harras told the Spider-Man team to yet again postpone the finale because he didn’t want it to overshadow a big X-Men event, presumably Onslaught that was happening right around the same time. So the Harry Osborn reveal was out. This further delay of the Clone Saga’s resolution infuriated Jurgens who made true on his promise and quit. Thanks to layoffs at Marvel, Budiansky was on his way out as well but before he left he wrote a memo. He didn’t know who would be made the true villain of the Clone Saga but there was one character he was strongly against, quote: “Norman Osborn’s death should never be undone, “in my opinion. “It’s too classic, let him rest in peace.” Of course with Budiansky out of the picture, Harras decided that the one person who had the money, the resources, the connections, the knowledge, and the motivation to orchestrate the Clone Saga and disrupt Peter Parker’s life to such a profound extent was none other than, it was Norman Osborn. The problem was as Budiansky pointed out, he was kind of dead at the time. Famously so, during The Night Gwen Stacy Died. The comic that started this whole mess. But Harras didn’t care. Norman Osborn was the only character that made sense in this scenario even if he’s supposed to be dead. So, that’s what happened. At this point, I’m sure many writers were happy just to end the Clone Saga once and for all and move on.

The reveal was written up and in 1997 the Clone Saga was finally laid to rest. There’s obviously a lot more to the story than we covered in this video. I highly recommend checking out The Life of Reilly 35-part blog series to find out more. That is linked down in the description below, along with a bunch more links and sources you should definitely check out. What do you guys think about all this? Was there any one person or one decision that made the Clone Saga a failure? Or was it a barrage of bad luck? What could have saved it, if anything? Let’s talk about it all in the comments, and I’ll address some of your thoughts on Monday, during our show Tales From the Comments. If you like this video and want to support what we do, head on over to the NerdSync Patreon. For small donations each month of as little as a dollar, you can help out the channel while also getting some great rewards like access to the NerdSync Discord server to chat with us directly, early access to new videos before anyone else, and exclusive bonus content like parts of the script that didn’t make it into the video. If that interests you at all head on over to patreon.com/nerdsync right now and become a NerdSync patron today. Want more Spider-Man? Click on this video to the left to see the crazy intricate behind-the-scenes story of how Venom was created.

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